If you are looking into using public transit services more regularly, you should first familiarize yourself with some basic terminology so that you can better navigate the system. Consult the following terms and definitions:
Base period: If you see the term base period, this is referring to a bus's, subway's, or train's off-peak hours of operation.
Peak period: A peak period is a time block on the schedule that covers times of increased or heavy use of public transportation. This usually refers to weekend hours, morning rush hour, and the evening commute home. Peak periods can also be added to cover holidays, and other periods where public transportation use is expected to increase.
Dwell time: The dwell time is the window of time worked into a bus's, train's, or subway's schedule where the conductor or driver can pause to unload or load passengers.
Kiss and ride: A kiss and ride location is a station that allows for passengers to be dropped off by a driver to catch the train, bus, or shuttle.
ADA: You may also see the ADA referenced both on a public transit schedule and within the train or vehicle itself. ADA stands for Americans with Disabilities Act, which was enacted in 1990, and makes it illegal to discriminate against those who are disabled.
Arterial street: When it comes to taxis and buses, you may see arterial streets marked on transit maps. These are main thoroughfares that are typically heavy in traffic and swift in movement. Typically, drivers will prefer to drop off and pick up just off of an arterial street.