When choosing a sanitary landfill for private, commercial, or municipal waste disposal, it is important to consider several factors that could influence your decision. Although sanitary landfills should offer features that help protect the environment from contamination, you always want to do some research to help you decide which garbage dumps can offer the protection that you want.
Does the sanitary landfill separate garbage from the local water table?
Sanitary waste disposal systems should prevent garbage from leaking into local water tables and streams. This often means lining the dump with thick plastic barriers that restrict chemicals and trash from seeping into the ground. In most cases, these barriers are built during the initial construction of the landfill because it is much more difficult to install them after the area has been used for trash disposal.
Does the dump have a recycling program?
Although a sanitary landfill can help maintain ecological health, you might also want to look for a disposal site that can recycle items made from plastic, paper, glass, and metals. By choosing to recycle these items, you can help manage the amount of trash in landfills.
How does the landfill manage chemicals created by decomposition?
As organic matter decomposes, it releases gases into the air. The landfill operators should, therefore, have a system that allows them to manage and contain these chemicals. In many cases, landfill owners will choose to burn gases that are created during decomposition so that they cannot enter the atmosphere. In other cases, the gas is utilized as an energy source to provide power.